Running VirtualBox version 5.1.10, windows 7, from my Lenovo laptop connected a V2210 EWC on software 10.11.04.0008. I have managed to get the virtual adapter to bridge to the laptops wireless adapter and get an IP address for each machine.
Here is the settings for the VirtualBox
Here is the ipconfig output from the virtual machine:
Here is the ipconfig output from my Laptop (which is hosting the VM):
And here is the DHCP address lease for them both:
How does your setup compare to mine in regards to configuration?